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How Beer is Made

What is the process of making beer?


Learn the Beer Brewing Process Step by Step

1. Malting
The first step in the brewing process starts by converting raw grain into malt. The purpose of malting is to isolate the enzymes needed for brewing. Grains such as barley goes through a process of heating, drying out, and cracking.

2. Mashing
The next process is mashing, which is somewhat similar to steeping tea. The grains are steeped in hot, but not boiling water. This activates the natural enzymes to break down the starch into sugar.

3. Lautering
Afterward, the sugar-water saturates is filtered and drained from the mash. What’s left is the sticky, sugary liquid called wort.

4. Wort Boiling
The beer wort is then boiled in a large kettle. During the boiling process, hops and other flavoring agents are added.

5. Fermentation
The wort is first cooled and filtered. Afterward, the wort is transferred to the fermentation vessel and yeast is added. Yeast helps to convert wort sugar into carbon dioxide and alcohol.

Yeasts can be separated into 2 main types. 

– Top Fermentation (Ale Yeasts)
In the case of ales, the beer is stored at room temperature during fermentation.

– Bottom Fermentation (Lager Yeasts)
In the case of lagers, the beer is stored at cold temperatures during fermentation.

6. Conditioning & Bottling
Conditioning refers to the aging of beer. After fermentation the beer is stored in an airtight vessel, allowing it to mature in order to develop flavor and carbonated. After the beer has aged, it’s then filtered and packaged in bottles, barrels, or cans.

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